Author: Ivan Van Sertima, Genre: History, Total Page: 358, Publisher: Random House Trade Paperbacks, ISBN: UCSC:32106017436624

Examines cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans, offering evidence of the presence of African explorers in the New World centuries before the arrival of Columbus.

Author: Ivan Van Sertima, Genre: America, Total Page: 360, Publisher: Random House Incorporated, ISBN: UOM:39015021647352

Explorers' diaries and journals, carbon-14-dated sculptures, Arab documents and maps, and dated skeletons provide evidence for the pre-Columbia n presence in the Americas of black men and their influence on the Olmec, Mayan , and Aztec civilizations

Author: Ivan Van Sertima, Genre: America, Total Page: 288, Publisher: New York : Vintage Books, ISBN: 067972530X

"The African presence in ancient America"--Jacket subtitle.

Author: Ivan Van Sertima, Genre: America, Total Page: 362, Publisher: Random House Incorporated, ISBN: STANFORD:36105001972533

Explorers' diaries and journals, carbon-14-dated sculptures, Arab documents and maps, and dated skeletons provide evidence for the pre-Columbia n presence in the Americas of black men and their influence on the Olmec, Mayan , and Aztec civilizations

Author: Ivan Van Sertima, Genre: History, Total Page: 336, Publisher: Random House Trade Paperbacks, ISBN: 9780812968170

“A landmark . . . brilliantly [demonstrates] has that there is far more to black history than the slave trade.”—John A. Williams They Came Before Columbus reveals a compelling, dramatic, and superbly detailed documentation of the presence and legacy of Africans in ancient America. Examining navigation and shipbuilding; cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans; the transportation of plants, animals, and textiles between the continents; and the diaries, journals, and oral accounts of the explorers themselves, Ivan Van Sertima builds a pyramid of evidence to support his claim of an African presence in the New World centuries before Columbus. Combining impressive scholarship with a novelist’s gift for storytelling, Van Sertima re-creates some of the most powerful scenes of human history: the launching of the great ships of Mali in 1310 (two hundred master boats and two hundred supply boats), the sea expedition of the Mandingo king in 1311, and many others. In They Came Before Columbus, we see clearly the unmistakable face and handprint of black Africans in pre-Columbian America, and their overwhelming impact on the civilizations they encountered.

Author: Ivan Van Sertima, Genre: Social Science, Total Page: 317, Publisher: Transaction Pub, ISBN: UOM:39076001365308

This book places into perspective the role of the African in world civilization, in particular his little known contributions to the advancement of Europe. A major essay on the evolution of the Caucasoid discusses recent scientific discoveries of the African fatherhood of man and the shift towards albinism (dropping of pigmentation) by the Grimaldi African during an ice age (the Wurm Interstadial) in Europe. The debt owed to African and Arab Moors for certain inventions usually credited to the Renaissance is discussed, as well as the much earlier Afro-Egyptian influence on Greek science and philosophy. The book is divided into six parts: The First Europeans: African Presence in the Ancient Mediterranean Isles and Mainland Greece; Africans in the European Religious Hierarchy (madonnas, saints and popes); African Presence in Western Europe; African Presence in Northern Europe; African Presence in Eastern Europe.

Author: Charles C. Mann, Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction, Total Page: 117, Publisher: Simon and Schuster, ISBN: 9781416949008

Based on the startling revelations that the author presented in his adult-level 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, this book for young readers is a fascinating full-color journey into the world of the many advanced cultures that populated the Americas before the arrival of European explorers.

Author: Leo Wiener, Genre: , Total Page: 342, Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand, ISBN: 9783864034329

This book is about an event in history that changed the world for all times. It is a sad story that did not have to be. What Africans and the indigenous Americans have given to the world is a part of total humanity that must be respectfully considered in order to build a world where all people can walk in peace and dignity with their respective contributions accepted.

Author: Edward Scobie, Genre: Social Science, Total Page: , Publisher: Eworld, ISBN: 1617590096

Author: Chancellor Williams, Genre: Biography & Autobiography, Total Page: , Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc, ISBN: 9781794703308

This is a widely read classic exposition of the history of Africans on the continent, the people of African descent in the United States and in the diaspora. This is well researched scholarly work detailing the development of civilisation in Africa and its destruction